According to the historians, Shahjahan shifted the Capital from the city of Agra to the legendary city of Delhi, so that he could build magnificent buildings in an effective manner. Due to the construction of various forts, his rule became very popular in the Northern part of India. It is said that the red fort is located across the banks of the historic river Yamuna which has been a testimony to numerous battles in the past. In the direction of the North East, the fort is quite close to Salimgarh castle which was built by the Afghan King in an amazing manner.
Declining power of the Mughals, forced them to assign the protection of the legendary fort to the Marathas who became the dominant power of India. After the defeat in 1761, Afghan King Abdali conquered the fort. At the start of the 19th century, the British ended the Mughal rule quickly and effectively. As per the historical sources, Zafar, who was the last Mughal King, resided in the amazing palace. During the revolt in the year 1857, the soldiers did not make any effort to defend the fort in spite of the fact that it was impregnable and it was not easy to enter. When the mutineers were executed, Zafar underwent a trial in the palace and he was forced to go to Burma on exile. He was devastated and died in the city of Rangoon. The trial took place in the month of January in the year 1858 and the verdict was passed in October. The monument is frequented by the tourists and is quite famous for historical artifacts. It also provides a glimpse of the life in the medieval period and is a boon for the modern day historians.